Bukowno is located in the southern part of Poland, half-way between two major cities: Kraków and Katowice. It is situated within the area of two deserts, its landmarks being white calciferous rocks, forests and old strip mines. Geologically, the area was formed during the Tetriary Period - the land is mildly hilly as a result of water, wind and glacial influence.The natural features are considerably deformed because of human activities (dumping grounds, strip mines, embankments). Almost one-sixth of the Commune's area is subject to hydraulic filling performed by the Szczakowa Filling Mine.
April 2nd, 1991 saw in incorporation of the rural administrative districts of Bukowno Stare and Wodąca. The population density ratio is 174 people per 1 sq. km.
Bukowno is an industrial town whose character is largely determined by the Bolesław Mining and Metallurigcal Plants. In spite of its industrial growth and the quick development of the municipal infrastructure, Bukowno - with its vast forested areas, the river and the nearby Pustynia Błędowska (the Błędowska Desert) - managed to preserve its character of a recreation centre.